Traditional Skinheads are individuals who identify with the original British skinhead subculture of the middle 1960s, when ska, rocksteady, reggae, and soul music were popular, and there was a heavy emphasis on mod-influenced clothing styles. The phrase Spirit of '69 is used by traditional skinheads to commemorate what they identify as the skinhead subculture's heyday in 1969. Culture and ideology play an important role in counteracting negative stereotypes and solidifying traditional skinhead identity. Through culture and politics, traditional skinheads establish collective identity and promote their nonracist beliefs. Traditional factions see racism as an abomination of original … Read more
The phrase Spirit of '69 is used by traditional skinheads to commemorate what they identify as the skinhead subculture's heyday in 1969. The phrase was popularized by a group of Scottish skinheads called the Glasgow Spy Kids, a play on the Glaswegian pronunciation of spike heads.
It was back in 1969 that the exciting new musical style from Jamaica was discovered by the world at large, with the likes of Desmond Dekker & the Aces, Max Romeo, Tony Tribe, the Upsetters, the Pioneers, Jimmy Cliff and the Harry J All Stars all securing significant chart hits in Britain and beyond. The musicians of these groups, almost all Jamaicans, are then all black, so the Spirit of '69 is a v… Read more
Rude Boy (or rudie) is a slang term that originated in 1960s Jamaican street culture, and that is still used today. In the late 1970s, there was a revival in England of the terms rude boy and rude girl, among other variations, being used to describe fans of two-tone ska. The use of these terms moved into the more contemporary ska-punk movement as well. In the UK, the terms rude boy and rude girl are used in a way similar to gangsta, yardie, or badman. In the 1960s, the Jamaican diaspora introduced rude boy music and fashion to the UK, which influenced the mod and skinhead subcultures. In the late 1970s, the term rude boy and rude boy fashions came back into use after the ska band T… Read more