involves holding both individual police officers, as well as law enforcement agencies responsible for police brutality
, misbehavior, racial profiling
, as well as other laws
relating to equal employment, sexual harassment, etc. Research has shown that the public prefers independent review of complaints against law enforcement, rather than relying on police departments to conduct internal investigations. There is a suggestion that such oversight would improve the public's view on the way in which police officers are held accountable.