The International Brigades
(Spanish: Brigadas Internacionales) were military units set up by the Communist International to assist the Popular Front government
of the Second Spanish Republic during the Spanish Civil War. The organization existed for two years, from 1936 until 1938. It is estimated that during the entire war, between 40,000 and 59,000 members served in the International Brigades, including 15,000 who died in combat. They participated in the battles of Madrid, Jarama, Guadalajara, Brunete, Belchite, Teruel, Aragon and the Ebro.
The International Brigades was strongly supported by the Comintern and represented the Soviet Union's commitment to assisting the Spanish Republic (with arms, logistics, military advisers and the NKVD), just as Fascist Italy, Fascist Portugal and Nazi Germany were assisting the opposing Nationalist insurgency. The largest number of volunteers came from France where the French Communist Party had many members, and communist exiles from Italy and Germany. Many Jews were part of the brigades, being particularly numerous among the volunteers coming from the United States, Poland, France, England, and Argentina.
Republican volunteers who were opposed to Stalinism did not join the Brigades but instead enlisted in the separate Popular Front, the POUM (formed from Trotskyist, Bukharinist and other anti-Stalinist groups, which did not separate Spaniards and foreign volunteers -such as George Orwell), or anarcho-syndicalist groups such as the Durruti Column, the IWA and the CNT.… Read more
is a gas-operated assault rifle that is chambered for the 7.62×39mm cartridge. Developed in the Soviet Union by Mikhail Kalashnikov, it is the originating firearm of the Kalashnikov family of rifles. After more than seven decades, the AK-47 model and its variants remain the most popular and widely used rifles and the weapon of choice of revolutionaries
all around the world. The AK-47
has become a symbol of the revolutionary flag
in Vietnam, Afghanistan, Colombia, and Mozambique. Conversely, throughout the developing world, the AK-47 can be positively attributed with revolutionaries against foreign occupation, imperialism
, or colonialism.
Guerrilla warfare is a form of irregular warfare in which small groups of combatants, such as paramilitary personnel, armed civilians, or irregulars, use military tactics including ambushes, sabotage
, raids, petty warfare, hit-and-run tactics, and mobility, to fight
a larger and less-mobile traditional military.