Queer is an umbrella term for sexual and gender minorities who are not heterosexual or are not cisgender. Beginning in the late 1980s, queer activists, such as the members of Queer Nation, began to reclaim the word as a deliberately provocative and politically radical alternative to the more assimilationist branches of the LGBT community. In the 21st century, queer became increasingly used to describe a broad spectrum of non-normative sexual and gender identities and politics. Academic disciplines such as queer theory and queer studies share a general opposition to binarism, normativity, and a perceived lack of intersectionality, some of them only tangentially connected to the LGBT… Read more
Non-binary or genderqueer is an umbrella term for gender identities that are neither male nor female?, which means identities that are outside the gender binary. Non-binary identities fall under the transgender umbrella since non-binary people typically identify with a gender that is different from their assigned sex, though some non-binary individuals do not consider themselves transgender. Non-binary people may identify as having two or more genders (being bigender or trigender), or having no gender (agender, nongendered, genderless, genderfree), or having a fluctuating gender identity (genderfluid), or being third gender or other-gendered (a category that includes those who do n… Read more
LGBTQ an initialism that stands for lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and queer. It functions as an umbrella term for sexuality and gender identity. It may refer to anyone who is non-heterosexual or non-cisgender, instead of exclusively to people who are lesbian, gay, bisexual, or transgender. Other common variants also exist, such as LGBTQIA+, with the I standing for "intersex" and A standing for "asexual" or "aromantic". Longer acronyms also exists, such as LGBTTQQIAAP (lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, transsexual, queer, questioning, intersex, asexual, ally, pansexual). Various flags represent specific identities within the LGBT movement, from sexual or romantic orientati… Read more
Gender roles are socially constructed roles, behaviors, activities and attributes that a given society considers appropriate for men and women. Gender roles are usually centered on conceptions of masculinity and femininity. Gender roles influence a wide range of human behavior, often including the clothing a person chooses, the profession a person pursues, and the personal relationships a person enters. Various groups, most notably the feminist movements, have led efforts to change aspects of prevailing gender roles that they believe are oppressive or inaccurate.