Degrowth is a term used for a social movement that critiques the paradigm of economic growth. It is a political, economic, and social concept that advocates the reduction of consumption. Born in the 1970s, it is based on the idea that economic growth (measured by macro-indicators such as the GDP or the population level) does not guarantee or thwart the improvement of the living conditions of humanity. According to the actors of the degrowth movement, the industrialization process has three negative consequences: dysfunctions of the economy (mass unemployment, precariousness, etc.), alienation at work (stress, moral harassment, multiplication of accidents, etc.), and pollution, resp… Read more
Consumerism is a social and economic order that encourages the acquisition of goods and services in ever-increasing amounts. With the industrial revolution, but particularly in the 20th century, mass production led to overproduction?the supply of goods would grow beyond consumer demand, and so manufacturers turned to planned obsolescence and advertising to manipulate consumer spending. Experts often highlight the connection of consumerism with issues like the growth imperative and overconsumption which have larger impacts on the environment, including direct effects like overexploitation of natural resources or large amounts of waste from disposable goods, and larger effects like c… Read more
Anti-capitalism is a political ideology and movement encompassing a variety of attitudes and ideas that oppose capitalism. In this sense, anti-capitalists are those who wish to replace capitalism with another type of society, usually some form of anarchism or socialism.