Traditional Skinheads are individuals who identify with the original British skinhead subculture of the middle 1960s, when ska, rocksteady, reggae, and soul music were popular, and there was a heavy emphasis on mod-influenced clothing styles. The phrase Spirit of '69 is used by traditional skinheads to commemorate what they identify as the skinhead subculture's heyday in 1969. Culture and ideology play an important role in counteracting negative stereotypes and solidifying traditional skinhead identity. Through culture and politics, traditional skinheads establish collective identity and promote their nonracist beliefs. Traditional factions see racism as an abomination of original … Read more
The phrase Spirit of '69 is used by traditional skinheads to commemorate what they identify as the skinhead subculture's heyday in 1969. The phrase was popularized by a group of Scottish skinheads called the Glasgow Spy Kids, a play on the Glaswegian pronunciation of spike heads.
It was back in 1969 that the exciting new musical style from Jamaica was discovered by the world at large, with the likes of Desmond Dekker & the Aces, Max Romeo, Tony Tribe, the Upsetters, the Pioneers, Jimmy Cliff and the Harry J All Stars all securing significant chart hits in Britain and beyond. The musicians of these groups, almost all Jamaicans, are then all black, so the Spirit of '69 is a v… Read more
?Skinhead reggae? has come to mean a subgenre of reggae with influences taken from ska and rocksteady as well as soul/R?n?B, often with fast Hammond organ leads and danceable beats, loved by adolescents of the British working class. But reggae itself became popular among white British youth after ska and rocksteady had receded, more or less as skinhead became an identifiable subculture in the United Kingdom, in 1968, peaking in 1969, and then disappearing into seudehead, glam/glitter, etc., by the early 70s. Therefore, it is something of a misnomer to speak of ?skinhead reggae? as separate from the early reggae that was popular amongst white kids, because those white kids were near… Read more