was a Ukrainian anarchist revolutionary
and the commander of the Revolutionary
Insurrectionary Army of Ukraine
, also known as Makhnovtchina
(translated as "Makhno movement") or the Anarchist Black Army because they fought under the anarchist black flag
. They protected the operation of "free soviets" and libertarian communes in the Free Territory, an attempt to form a stateless anarcho-communist society
from 1918 to 1921. Makhnovists communities were administered by autonomous peasants' and workers' councils at the local level. At its formation, the Black Army consisted of about 15,000 armed troops, including infantry, cavalry brigades, and artillery detachments were incorporated… Read more
is a revolutionary
theory and tendency within the anarchist movement that emphasizes insurrection as a revolutionary
practice. It is critical of formal organizations such as labor unions and federations that are based on a political program and periodic congresses. Instead, insurrectionary anarchists advocate informal organizations and small affinity group-based organizations. Insurrectionary anarchists put value in attack, permanent class conflict
, and a refusal to negotiate or compromise with class enemies. An influential individualist concept of insurrection appears in the book of Max Stirner
, The Ego and Its Own from 1844.
The Revolutionary… Read more
Guerrilla warfare is a form of irregular warfare in which small groups of combatants, such as paramilitary personnel, armed civilians, or irregulars, use military tactics including ambushes, sabotage
, raids, petty warfare, hit-and-run tactics, and mobility, to fight
a larger and less-mobile traditional military.